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Policymakers in the United States have just begun to address regulation of artificial intelligence technologies in recent years, gaining momentum through calls for additional research funding, piece-meal guidance, proposals, and legislation at all levels of government. This Article provides an overview of high-level federal initiatives for general artificial intelligence (AI) applications set forth by the U.S. president and responding agencies, early indications from the incoming Biden Administration, targeted federal initiatives for sector-specific AI applications, pending federal legislative proposals, and state and local initiatives. The regulation of the algorithmic ecosystem will continue to evolve as the United States continues to search for the right balance between ensuring public safety and transparency and promoting innovation and competitiveness on the global stage.


Government regulation, administrative law, public policy, artificial intelligence, AI, civil liberties, privacy, legislation, research & development funding, R&D, technical standards

Publication Title

Journal of Law & Economic Regulation

Publication Citation

13 J. L. & Econ. Reg. 7 (2020)