Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date



The practice of confidentiality has continued in an era of increased, voluntary openness about medical information in everyday life. Indeed the number and variety of state and federal laws mandating confidentiality by medical professionals has increased in the last dozen years. Moreover, personal injury suits alleging breach of confidentiality or invasion of privacy, along with suits asserting evidentiary privileges, reflect the reality that expectations of confidentiality of medical records and relationships remain strong.


confidentiality, privacy, expectations of privacy

Publication Title

Penn Guide to Bioethics

Publication Citation

Penn Guide to Bioethics (forthcoming, Springer 2008).