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The cultural construction of gender determines the role of women and girls within the family in many societies. Gendered notions of power in the family are often shrouded in religion and custom and find their deepest expression in Personal Laws. This essay examines the international law framework as it relates to personal laws and the commonality of narratives of litigators and plaintiffs in the cases from the three different personal law systems in India.


Women, India, family law, discriminatory personal laws, international norms, Muslim Personal Laws, Islam, Syrian Christian Laws, Chistianity, Hindu Personal Laws, Hinduism, personal law systems of India, gender

Publication Title

New York University Journal of International Law & Policy

Publication Citation

48 N.Y.U. J. Int'l L. & Pol. 1085 (2016).