Rule Design: Defining the Regulator–Regulatee Relationship

Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date



Rules constitute a defining feature of the relationship between regulators and regulated entities. To succeed in fostering sound risk management for society, regulators need to choose carefully how they design their rules, taking into account both their own capacities and the capabilities of those that they regulate. This article describes a two-by-two framework for rule design based on means-end and micro-macro dimensions. By adopting and applying this framework, regulators can identify the relative advantages and disadvantages of different regulatory approaches and better inform decision-making about how to define the regulator–regulate relationship.


Regulation, rule design, regulatory instrument choice, enforcement, socio-technical systems, regulators, regulator–regulate relationship, regulatory approaches, risk management, work domain analysis

Publication Title

The Regulator–Regulatee Relationship in High-Hazard Industry Sectors