Complementary and Network Relationships
This chapter examines some of the theories and doctrine that are used in both antitrust and IP law to characterize tying and quasi-tying practices in markets that are subject to substantial product complementarity or networking. The most important issues concern price discrimination, foreclosure and leverage, countervailing power and bilateral monopoly, and double markups.
antitrust law, intellectual property law, tying, quasi-tying, price discrimination, foreclosure, leverage, countervailing power, bilateral monopoly, double markups
Creation without Restraint: Promoting Liberty and Rivalry in Innovation
Hovenkamp, Herbert and Bohannan, Christina, "Complementary and Network Relationships" (2012). Book Chapters. 41.