On Waves, Clusters, and Diffusion: A Conceptual Framework
This article makes a conceptual and theoretical contribution to the study of diffusion. The authors suggest that the concept of diffusion be reserved for processes (not outcomes) characterized by a certain uncoordinated interdependence. Theoretically, the authors identify the principal sources of clustered policy reforms. They then clarify the characteristics specific to diffusion mechanisms and introduce a categorization of such processes. In particular, they make a distinction between two types of diffusion: adaptation and learning. They argue that this categorization adds conceptual clarity and distinguishes mechanisms with distinct substantive consequences.
political reform, economic reform, diffusion
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
598 Annals Am. Acad. Pol. & Soc. Sci. 33 (2005)