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Traditionally, benefits payable for occupational injury or disease in China were only available from State-run enterprises. Rural workers in China have until recently been excluded from workers' compensation schemes. In addition, China has experienced a steady increase in privatisation leading to a lack of accident coverage for workers, and also correlates with a growing number of occupational injuries and diseases. Beginning July 2004, China has legislated the expansion of the coverage of its occupational accident insurance to include all forms of enterprise. These regulations present considerable challenges to Chinese administration and businesses. This Article explores the details of the Rules for Occupational Accident Insurance and compares them with international norms and practices. This Article likewise offers some comments and reflections on the likely areas of difficulty for the administration of the Rules.

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